Create. Compose. Communicate.

APA Publication Manual, 6th ed.
Sample Reference List Citations

Journal article with DOI (digital object identifier)

Tan, H. K., Jones, G. V., & Watson, D. G. (2009). Encouraging the perceptual underdog: Positive affective priming of nonpreferred local-global processes. Emotion, 9(2), 238-247. doi:10.1037/a0014713

Journal article without DOI

Kiely, R., & Askham, J. (2012). Furnished imagination: The impact of preservice teacher training on early career work in TESOL. TESOL Quarterly, 46(3), 496-518.

Book (print) by a single author

Davies, D. (2010). Child development: A practitioner's guide (3rd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.

Book (print) by two or more authors

Babcock, R., Manning, K., Rogers, T., Goff, C., & Davies, A. (2012). A synthesis of qualitative studies of writing center tutoring, 1983-2006. New York: Peter Lang.

Electronic version of print book

Newman, J. (2012). Best before: Videogames, supersession and obsolescence. [Ebook Library version]. Retrieved from

Electronic-only book

Stevens, K. (n.d.). The dreamer and the beast. Retrieved from

Edited book

Bender, C., Cadge, W., Levitt, P., & Smidle, D. (Eds.). (2013). Religion on the edge: De-centering and re-centering the sociology of religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Article or chapter in edited book

Vàsquez, M. A. (2013). Grappling with the legacy of modernity: Implications for the sociology of religion. In C. Bender, W. Cadge, P. Levitt, & D. Smidle (Eds.), Religion on the edge: De-centering and re-centering the sociology of religion (pp. 23-42). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chapter in a volume in a series

Fairclough, N., & Wodak, R. (1997). Critical discourse analysis. In T. van Dijk (Ed.), Discourse studies: A multidisciplinary introduction: Vol. 2. Discourse as social interaction (pp. 258-284). London: Sage.

Article in a reference book

Tolchinsky, L. (2013). Childhood conceptions of literacy. In T. Nunes & P. Bryant (Eds.) Handbook of children's literacy (pp. 11-30). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.

Magazine article

Verini, J. (2012, December). The tunnels of Gaza. National Geographic, 222(6), 673-674.

Newspaper article

Hennigan, W. J. (2013, January 17). FAA grounds entire fleet of Boeing 787s; Flights are canceled as a range of electrical and power problems continue to plague the Dreamliner Jets. Los Angeles Times, p. A1.

Motion picture

Brigham, C., & Carter, C. (Producers), & Affleck, B. (Director). (2012). Argo [Motion picture]. United States: Time Warner.


Public Broadcasting Corporation. (Producer). Nova: Ultimate Mars challenge [DVD]. Available from

Episode from a TV series

Kemper, C. (Writer), & Flender, R. (Director). (2012). The whale [Television series episode]. In G. Daniels (Executive producer), The Office. New York: National Broadcasting Company.

Music recording

Barks, S. (2012). On my own. On Les Misèrables [CD]. New York: Universal Republic Records.


National Eating Disorders Association [n.d.]. Contributing factors and prevention. Retrieved January 17, 2013, from

Blog post

Germano, W. (2013, January 17). Jack Lew’s signature [Web log post]. Retrieved from

Interview or e-mail

Do not include these in the References; instead, cite these in the text:
(Z. Ramirez, personal communication, February 1, 2013).


Z. Ramirez, a witness for the prosecution, told me that she had seen the defendant approaching the stop sign (personal communication, February 1, 2013).

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